Finally, end with the URL. How to cite a website with no author in MLA 8: Sometimes, websites do not clearly state who wrote the information on the page. When no author is listed, omit the author information from the citation.
Start the citation with the title. When citing a web page that does not include a formal title, it is acceptable to include a description of the page. Do not place the description in italics or in quotation marks. Follow the description with the name of the website. General Information on the New York Mets. In an increasingly digital world, social media platforms have become one of the most popular sources students turn to when writing a research paper.
Here are some examples of ways you can cite various social media platforms in your work:. Photo of Bering Sea. Instagram , photographed by Corey Arnold, 2 Apr. Accessed Day Month Year post was viewed. Spread the Net Challenge Winners Facebook , 23 Mar. Any new educational trend or method can make a good cause and effect topic. You could use this same format and insert any new educational idea.
What has caused the need to develop new teaching methods in Ethiopia and what have been the effects of teacher development plans? What do you think of this as an essay topic: What is the effect on learning when students do most of their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books?
My students have been researching this question for the past few years because many of them have not had paper books for class in high school. You will find some fascinating research which suggests that not having a hard copy of books can make it harder to remember information. What is a good thesis for the following topic: What are the effects of homeschooling on children?
Your thesis will depend on your opinion about the topic and whether you think the effects of homeschooling are positive or negative.
Here are some typical answers:. These are just suggestions. You should pick three or four effects that you think are important and put them in a sentence like this:. Would this be a good essay topic?
Do you have other suggestions to help develop this topic question? What has caused the Zimbabwe government to take a new path in international relations?
What effects will occur because of the new path taken by Zimbabwe in international relations? What do you think of the essay topic questions "What is the effect of divorce on children? Those are both good questions. I think that you could do just one of those or keep the second question as part of your conclusion if you discover that the age does make a difference. Other articles on divorce and children could be:.
What do you think about, "What causes teenagers to become sexually active? What causes teenagers to enter into a sexually active relationship in you can state an age or grade here to be more specific? This topic is probably a little too obvious. However, this could be an interesting topic if you went further than that and talked about the effects, or consequences, of never paying close attention to your studies.
What are the long-term consequences of neglecting to study for tests? You could substitute any war in any country in this question to make a good cause and effect essay. People still write books and articles about the cause of the Civil War and other important battles. In answering this sort of question, you can often make an interesting conclusion which suggests what might be a possible solution to the conflict or what might have been done to prevent an ongoing war or at least mitigate the consequences.
There are many different sides to a question like this, and your paper will probably be more interesting if you consider a different answer than the one people expect, or explain with a lot of specific details and evidence why the obvious answer is the truth. How would "What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the s and s" work as an essay topic?
How has feminism changed the lives of women in the United States or Europe, or globally? What effect has feminism had on men, family roles, or marriages in the past fifty years? With many children now being raised by other family members at least in part, I think your question is very interesting. Of course, in the past, many children were raised in multi-generational households. Here are some other ways to look at this topic:.
What effect does it have on grandparents when they need to become primary caregivers of their grandchildren? Co-housing is an intentional community structure where people have private spaces but also share many community spaces, property, activities and areas like large kitchens, eating areas and recreational property. Here are some good thesis ideas:. How should I approach writing a paragraph on the topic "I changed my lifestyle" and devote attention to the cause of the change and its effect?
A paragraph is like a mini-essay. It should have at least five sentences. The first sentence should tell your main point, what you did to change your lifestyle. Then you should have three or more sentences which explain the cause of your decision to change your lifestyle and the effect of the change.
The last sentence should probably be some sort of evaluation of this change. You can explain whether you think this has helped you or hurt you, or you can say whether or not you like this change. Should a school district save money by eliminating textbooks and use digital books instead? Can students learn as well with online learning as they can in a traditional classroom? What do you think of the essay topic "What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea?
Your topic idea is current and would make an interesting paper. Here are some other versions of this idea:. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You!
I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job!
I think it got over views one day last week! I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. What a great hub! Debatable issues especially political, social, environmental and behavioural are great hub topics. I love this one, VirginiaLynne.
Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. I voted this hub "up," "useful," and "interesting. Keep up the excellent work here. Here is another place to look for topic ideas: Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means "to produce an effect upon" as well as "to influence.
These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use "effect" when you should use "affect. Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and social problems.
However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation.
Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance.
I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. A good and diverse collection of topics. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent.
Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful! This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Going to pass this along and of course vote up. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
Speculate about what caused the situation. Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to a discussion of its results. Reword the question to fit your assignment. Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to the question is your thesis. What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the age of the child make a difference?
How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children? What is the effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to be afraid of commitment? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships?
What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality or career? Does going to college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? What is the effect of growing up in a single-parent household? What is the effect of being a twin? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous?
Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child? What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in the U. What are the effects of growing up in poverty? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children? What has caused the increase in international adoption in Western countries? What is the effect on children or adults of watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations?
What effect do non-profit organizations perhaps pick a particular one have on social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of men still out-earning women in wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society perhaps pick a particular country or religion?
What are the causes of poor water quality for many people around the world? What is the effect of people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the cause or effect of continued discrimination and racism? What causes people with disabilities to be unable to get jobs? What is the effect on children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U. What will be the effects of this rise in obesity on the healthcare system?
What causes the increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause or the effect of people not getting their children vaccinated? What is the effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of globalization on the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate?
What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly? What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements?
What effect does birth control have on women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease?
What effect does exercise have on the body? What causes people to make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight? What are the social effects of having braces on teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers?
What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships?
What are the causes or effects of cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate?
What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates?
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Prepositional Phrases. A prepositional phrase is a group of words (usually 3 to 5 words) that begins with a preposition. Examples: in a yellow house. English Writing Practice Interactive writing instruction for sentence building, paragraph construction, and composition. Practice in brainstorming, clustering, outlining, drafting, revising, and proofreading essays. Free English writing resources for beginners, intermediate, advanced, and professionals.
This page will describe how to create citations for websites in MLA 8. Includes how to cite a website when there is no author and/or no title. Core Parts of a Sentence. There are two core parts of a sentence: the subject and the verb. Your ability to identify the subject and the verb in a sentence will facilitate your ability to write complete sentences (as opposed to fragments).